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Damodar Valley Corporation

Hirakud Dam
The Damodar Valley Project Map - Click on the Names to Know more

Damodar Valley Corporation, popularly known as DVC, came into being on July 7, 1948 by an Act of the Constituent Assembly (Act No. XIV of 1948) as the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India.

 

At the time of its inception, the objectives were flood control, provision of water for irrigation and other uses, generation, transmission and distribution of electricity, eco-conservation and afforestation and socio-economic well being of the people residing in and around DVC Projects. However, with the passage of time and shift in National priorities, power generation with associated transmission and bulk distribution activities gained priority in DVC in view of its locational advantage. Other objectives of DVC, however, received due attention and services as part of its overall responsibility.

 

Evolution

DVC, a legacy to the people of India, emerged as a culmination of attempts made over a whole century to control the wild and erratic Damodar river. The river spans over an area of 25,000 sq. kms covering the states of Bihar (now Jharkhand) & West Bengal.

 

The Damodar Valley has been ravaged frequently by floods of varying intensities and the first of the major recorded flood dates back to 1730. Thereafter serious floods occurred at regular intervals, but it was the flood of 1943 that left the worst devastation in its wake. As a result, the Governor of Bengal appointed a Board of Inquiry headed by the Maharaja of Burdwan and the noted physicist Dr. Meghnad Saha as member. In their report, the Board suggested creation of an authority similar to the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) of United States of America. The Government of India then appointed Mr. W.L. Voorduin, a senior engineer of the TVA to make recommendations for comprehensive development of the valley. Accordingly, in August, 1944, Mr. Voorduin submitted his "Preliminary Memorandum on the Unified Development of the Damodar River".

 

Mr. Voorduin’s "Preliminary Memorandum" suggested a multipurpose development plan designed for achieving flood control, irrigation, power generation and navigation in the Damodar Valley. Four consultants appointed by the Government of India examined it. They also approved the main technical features of Voorduin’s scheme and recommended early initiation of construction beginning with Tilaiya to be followed by Maithon.

By April 1947, full agreement was practically reached between the three Governments of Central, Bengal and Bihar on the implementation of the scheme and in March 1948, the Damodar Valley Corporation Act (Act No. XIV of 1948) was passed by the Central Legislature, requiring the three governments – the Central Government and the State Governments of West Bengal and Bihar (now Jharkhand) to participate jointly for the purpose of building the Damodar Valley Corporation.

 

The Corporation came into existence on 7th July, 1948 as the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India.

 

The Dams - Power Generation

The first dam was built across the Barakar River, a tributary of the Damodar River at Tilaiya 1953. The second one, Konar Dam, was built across the Konar River, another tributary of the Damodar River at Konar in 1955. Two dams across the rivers Barakar and Damodar were built at Maithon in 1957 and Panchet in 1959. Both the dams are some 8 km upstream of the confluence point of the rivers. These four major dams are controlled by DVC. Durgapur Barrage was constructed downstream of the four dams in 1955, across the Damodar river at Durgapur in 1955, with head regulators for canals on either side for feeding an extensive system of canals and distributaries.

 

DVC proposes to construct a dam across the Barakar river at Belpahari in Jharkhand state.There are hydro-electric power stations at Tilayia, Maithon and Panchet, with total installed capacity of 144 MW. The one at Maithon was India's first underground hydro-electric power station.

 

DVC operates thermal power stations at Bokaro, Chandrapura, Durgapur and Mejia, with total derated capacity of 2745 MW. The power station at Bokaro was biggest in the country when it was built in the fifties.Mejia, first of its kind in Eastern India with tube mills in service for zero reject.Direct ignition of pulverized coal (DIPC) system for reducing oil consumption in the boiler conceived for the first time in Eastern India at Mejia TPS.

 

DVC is expanding its thermal power capacity and with the completion of its present plans by 2012 it would be generating more than 11000 MW of power. The forthcoming projects are Raghunathpur TPS (4x600 MW), Andal TPS (2x500 MW), Koderma TPS (2x500 MW), Maithan RB TPS (2x525 MW) and Bokaro A TPS (1x600 MW)and Bokaro Steel City TPS (3x250 MW).

 

The total valley area covered by DVC activities is approximately 24,235 square kilometres The upper valley consists of the districts of Hazaribagh, Koderma, Giridih, Chatra, Dhanbad and Bokaro, and some sections of Palamau, Ranchi, Lohardaga and Dumka districts in the state of Jharkhand. The lower valley consists of the two districts of Bardhaman and Hughli, and some areas of the Howrah, Bankura, and Purulia districts in the state of West Bengal. DVC will produce 11,000 MWatt Of power by 2012.

 

 

Actual Generation(MU)
Plants 2008-09 2009-10
Thermal 15122.53 14521.52
Hydel 432.09 198.11
Overall 15554.62 14719.63

 

Below are the details of various dams , plants of the Damoday Valley Project...

 

Maithon Hydel Power Plant

 

Maithon Dam

Maithon Hydel Power Station is located on the river Barakar about 12.9 km above its confluence with the Damodar near the border of Dhanbad and Burdwan districts of the states of Jharkhand and West Bengal respectively. The unique feature of this Hydel Power Station is that it is located underground in the left bank of the river and is the first of its kind in India. The Power Station has a total generating capacity of 60 MW with 3 units of 20 MW each.

Maithon Gas Turbine Station

Maithon Gas Turbine Station was commissioned at Maithon in 1989. The station has an installed capacity of 82.5 MW with three units each of 27.5 MW capacity. The Gas Turbine Generator has been designed to operate as single unit system on intermittent cycle. These are of simple axial flow type having a single shaft connected to generator with reduction gearbox. The gas turbine is of self-contained modular form having the inherent advantage of quick start-up facility to meet system peak demand under adverse system conditions and also for black start after system failure. High speed diesel is used for starting and stopping the operation while Naptha is used for running the unit.

 

Nearest railway stations

Kumardhubi

Asansol

Dhanbad

 

Distance by road

25 KM. from Asansol Dhanbad

 

Nearest Airport- Kolkata

 

Panchet Hydel Power Station

Panchet Hydel Power Station is located on the Damodar river near the border of Dhanbad and Purulia districts of Jharkhand and West Bengal respectively. The hydel station is located in the downstream on the right bank of the spillway channel. The Station has an installed capacity of generating 80 MW power with 2 generating units of 40 MW each.

Konar Dam

Konar dam is the second of the four multi-purpose dams included in the first phase of the Damodar Valley Corporation.. It was constructed across the Konar River, a tributary of the Damodar River in Hazaribagh district in the Indian state of Jharkhand and opened in 1955.

Konar Dam is 4,535 metres (14,879 ft) long and 48.77 metres (160.0 ft) high. The reservoir covers an area of 27.92 sq km.

 

Tilaiya Hydel Power Station

Tilaiya hydel power station is located on the left bank of the river Barakar. The structure is entirely of reinforced concrete. It has 2 generating units of 2 MW each with a provision for 3rd future unit of the same capacity.

 

Nearest railway stations

Kodarma

 

Distance by road

9.3 KM. from Kodarma Town

 

Nearest Airport- Ranchi

Bokaro ‘B’ Thermal Power Station (BTPS ‘B’)

BTPS ‘B’ was commissioned during the period between 1986 and 1993. The Station is located on the bank of river Konar near Bokaro ‘A’ Thermal Power Station. The total installed capacity is 630 MW having 3 units of 210 MW each. Entire power generated by the Station is supplied to DVC network.

 

Nearest railway stations

Bokaro Thermal
Bokaro Steel
Dhanbad

 

Distance by road

55 KM. from Dhanbad city

 

Nearest Airports- Ranchi and Kolkata

 

Chandrapura Thermal Power Station(CTPS)

Chandrapura Thermal Power Station is located at Bokaro district in the State of Jharkhand. It has an installed capacity of 390 MW. CTPS had the pride of being largest pulverized fuel fire power station of Asia and unit number one was the first reheat unit installed in India with highest steam parameters. Electrical switchyard of CTPS is a pride of DVC, being India’s biggest network.

 

Nearest railway stations

Bokaro Steel City
Chandrapura
Dhanbad

 

Distance by road

60 KM. from Dhanbad
35 KM. from Bokaro Steel City

 

Nearest Airport- Ranchi and Kolkata

Durgapur Thermal Power Station(DTPS)

Located in Burdwan district of West Bengal, DTPS was set up in the sixties of last century with two 75 MW units and one 140 MW unit in the first stage. Another 210 MW unit was added to the plant in the early eighties to augment supplies to the growing industrial demand. The first 2 units of the Station had to be de-commissioned after a fire accident in 1985.

 

Nearest railway stations

Durgapur
Waria

 

Distance by road

5 KM. from Durgapur City

 

Nearest Airport- Kolkata

 

Mejia Thermal Power Station (MTPS)

MTPS is located at Durlavpur in the Bankura district in West Bengal. It has four units of 210 MW each and two unit of 250 MW. Special features of MTPS include its 16.2 km long spiral welded MS water pipeline for transporting water from the right bank of Damodar river and 220 mtrs high RCC multi flue stack which helps in preventing air pollution. Its affluent water utilization plant has a dual purpose of water conservation and minimization of liquid affluent discharge. The plant also employs 3 ring granulator type crushers for its coal handling system reducing the mill rejection from the tube mill.

 

Nearest railway stations

Durgapur
Bankura

 

Distance by road

35 KM. from Durgapur

 

Nearest Airport- Kolkata

 

 

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Visitors Comments

Andrea Komora Langenderfer
16 Feb 2014, 23:42
To whom it may concern:
I was involuntarily 'unsubscribed' from your site. Since I am the first Chief DVC Engineer's grand daughter (who lived with him in Maithon,) I thought for sure information I had concerning the dams in that area would be helpful. Sorry to have bothered you. Andrea
saroj poddar
13 Feb 2014, 19:30
Sir please provide information about new power plant of CTPS Chandrapura,Koderma,Mejia, Durgapur capacity and upcoming new projects specially in Jharkhand.
Andrea Komora Langenderfer
12 Jan 2014, 22:28
I quote from above " The one at Maithon was India's first underground hydro-electric power station." My grandfather, Andrew M. Komora, was the first chief engineer for Maithon Dam, Konar Dam, etc. in the 1950s. It is disappointing that he was not given credit for his hard work in your article. He was honored that our home in Maithon was named the A.M. Komora House. I lived in that home until ten years old, as I was raised by Andrew and Lucille Komora. I am interested in what my old home looks like today. Andrea


sourav
06 Jan 2014, 12:51
sir please add some info about dvc raghunathpur thermal project and tata and dvc s joint venture project maithan thermal project
SATYABRATA DUTT
25 Nov 2013, 15:42

Dear Sir,

I am interested to know about the 1st. Chairman of the DVC Mr. S.N. Majumder I.C.S, his full name and tenure of his Chairmanship. Also kindly let me know the important achievements of DVC during his tenure.

S.Dutt

TUHIN SUBHRA MAHATA
01 Nov 2013, 14:55
i am 3rd year mechanical engineering student. so, i want a vocational training in DVC project at durgapur dam.
G.OOMMEN
27 Feb 2013, 16:31
Please inform who as the chief engineer of the construction of DVC in 1950's.Was J.Kurien who as chief engineer of involved in the construction?
sudhir sariyal
11 Nov 2012, 08:36
its very knowledgable information.. Thanks for providing..
Maithon Hydel Power PlantMaithon Hydel Power PlantMaithon Hydel Power PlantMaithon Hydel Power PlantMaithon Hydel Power PlantMaithon Hydel Power PlantMaithon Hydel Power PlantMaithon Hydel Power PlantMaithon Hydel Power PlantTilaya Maithon Hydel Power Plant Panchet