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Char Dham

SRI Dwarkadish

Dwarka the headquarters of Okhamandal taluka is in the extreme west of the Saurashtra peninsula on the Arabian Sea. It is a station on the Ahmedabad-Okha broad gauge railway line, about 137-km from Jamnagar, 217 km from Rajkot and 378 km from Ahmedabad

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Dwarka is derived from 'Dwar', a door, and in ancient times its flourishing port was considered to be the gateway to the main land. As 'Ka' means 'Brahma' meaning, gateway to Moksha. It is called Dwarkamati and Dwarkavati. Being adopted home and capital of Shri Krishna after he gave up Mathura. It is held in such a high esteem as a place of Hindu pilgrimage that it is considered to be one of the four principle holy places or chardham, it is also known as Mokshapuri.

Video On Dwakadish Temple

A brief Video On Dwarkadhish Temple. This video is from NDTV's Seven Wonders of India Program. The video is minimized and embedded below. To watch the video Click On "Show Video" and to Minimize Click on "Hide Video"....

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The Dwarkadish Temple e!!!
The Lord!!!
The Confluence of Gonti river and Arabian Sea Dwarka!!!
The Sunset @Betti Dwarka !!!
The Arabian Sea!!!

Structure of The Temple :

The seven-storeyed temple of Dwarkadhish or Ranchodji at Dwarka rises to a height of 43 m at the confluence of the river Gomati with the Arabian Sea. The inner temple is assign- able to the 13th century AD and the subsequent enlargement in the form of an assembly hall known, as Ladwa mandap and the awe-inspiring sikhara are datable to the 15th century. There are some early temples on the bank of the Gomati river.

Within the enclosure of the Dwarkadhish temple complex shrines dedicated to Pradyumnaji, Devakiji, Purushottamji, Kuseshvar Mahadev and also the Sharda Peeth established by Adi Shankra Charya in the 9th century can be seen. A hundred years ago large boats could reach the Gomati ghat but the stonewall built by the erstwhile Gyakwad State in 1890 narrowed its mouth.

A sand bar has now stopped the discharge of Gomati waters into the sea. The temple of Sea God or Samudra narayana, also known as Varun Devta or Chakra Narayan, which is situated near the ancient harbor at the western extremity of, is an important landmark from the point of view of archeological investigations.

The Legend Of Dwarka-Submergence:

After Krishna left the earth for Vaikunta and the major Yadava leaders were killed in disputes among themselves, Arjuna went to Dwarka to bring Krishna's grandsons and the Yadava wives to Hastinapur, to safety. After Arjuna left Dwarka, it was submerged into the sea. Following is the account given by Arjuna, found in the Mahabharata: ...imposed on it by nature. The sea rushed into the city. It coursed through the streets of the beautiful city. The sea covered up everything in the city. I saw the beautiful buildings becoming submerged one by one. In a matter of a few moments it was all over. The sea had now become as placid as a lake. There was no trace of the city. Dwaraka was just a name; just a memory. The Vishnu Purana also mentions the submersion of Dwarka, stating On the same day that Krishna departed from the earth the powerful dark-bodied Kali Age descended. The oceans rose and submerged the whole of Dwarka.

How to Reach:

  • Airport :Nearest Airport is Jamnagar (146 Kms.)
  • Railhead : Dwarka is directly connected to Jamnagar, Rajkot, Ahmedabad and Bombay.
  • Road : State transport buses and luxury coaches are available from different parts of Gujarat. Private Taxis, Autorickshaws, Tongas are available for local transport.

History of the Temple :

The city of Dwarka has been under investigation by the historians since the beginning of the 20th century. Although a very famous religious and maritime centre, the exact location of this port city was under debate since long. Several literary references, especially from the Mahabharata have been used to suggest its exact location. Pargiter was the first to suggest that Dwarka was located near the Raivataka mountain; he also mentioned that it was constructed on the remains of Kusasthali. Pusalkar suggested that Dwarka of the modern times is the original Dwarka mentioned in the Mahabharata. Sankalia has also strongly argued that the modern-day Dwarka is in fact the same as the one that existed during the Mahabharata period. The earliest epigraphical reference to Dwarka comes from the Palitana copper plate of Garulaka Simhaditya dated to 574 AD. The unknown Greek writer of the Periplus of Erythraean Sea makes a mention of Baraca, which has been identified as modern Dwarka. In Ptolemy’s Geography, Barake is the name of an island in the Gulf of Kanthi, and the reference is most likely being made to Dwarka.

In 1241 AD When Mohammad shah attacked on Dwarka and broke the temple, Five Brahmin males fought with them and lost their lives and become martyr. Their names were Virajee Thakar, Nathu Thakar, Karasan Thakar, Valjee Thakar, and Devasee Thakar. Their shrines are near to the temple. Muslims have changed the place in 'Panch Peer'.

In vikram era 1616 Shankaracharya Shree Anirudhashrma had made the idol at Dungarpur and established them at another place in the same campus and renovated the temple. Meanwhile poet Isar Barot presented his volume 'Hariras to Dwarkadhish (in 1540).

Since 1960 Indian Government takes care of it and renovates it gradually. In 1965 A.D. Pakistan navy attacked to destroy the temples but failed.

Recent archeological findings :

The Archeological findings of a Dock Near the banks of Dwarka
The Offshore Exploration at Dwarka!!!
The submergence of Dwarka and the cause of submergence are of historical and oceanographic interest because of historic Dwarka is likely to throw light on the Dark Age of Indian history.

The occurrence of a distinct ceramic ware known as the Red Polished Ware in layer 8 and the Lustrous Red Ware in layers 10 and 10A clearly distinguishes the early historic deposit from the Past and Historic. Layer 9 is yellowish sand and layer 10 is grayish silt, while layer 10A is pinkish sand and layer 11 almost the same without any artifact. The stemmed bowl and a miniature bowl of averted rim found in Dwarka excavation are comparable in form, fabric and treatment to those from Rangpur III. The excavation in 1979-80 pushed back the antiquity of Dwarka from 15th century AD to 15th century 'BC and suggested the destruction of a coastal settlement by sea about 3500 years ago.

The underwater structures lying off Dwarka are the remains of a jetty. It is difficult to date these structures precisely, however the binding material suggests that it may be of the late medieval period. Discovery of a large number of stone anchors suggests that Dwarka was an important port since the historical period and continued till late medieval period. Existence of a wide variety of anchors may suggest that different types and sizes of boats from different regions used to visit Dwarka harbour. The available evidence suggests that natural factors like coastal erosion are primarily responsible for the destruction of the port of ancient Dwarka 

 

Rukhmini Temple:

The Rukhmini Devi Temple of Dwaraka!!!
After visiting Dwaraka Temple one can hire private vehicle or state bus service is available, to visit Rukhmini Devi Temple, Nageshwar Temple, Betty Dwaraka..it takes some four five hours for complete trip of Dwaraka...

Other Places :

The Nageshwar Jyotirling!!!

Nageshwar Jyotirling :

Nageshwar Temple or Nagnath Temple is located on the route between Gomati Dwarka and the Bait Dwarka Island on the coast of Saurashtra in Gujarat. The Jyotirlinga enshrined in the Temple of Nagnath is known as Nageshwar Mahadev and attracts thousands of pilgrims all round the year. This powerful Jyotirlinga symbolizes protection from all poisons. It is said that those who pray to the Nageshwar Linga become free of poison. The Rudra Samhita sloka refers to Nageshwar with the phrase 'Daarukaavane Naagesham'.More...

Bet-Dwarka :

 There is a special temple for Rukmini Devi on the way to Bet Dwarka temple. Bet Dwaraka can be reached by boat. It is also the temple which is like the palace where Lord Shri Krishna had ruled. A similar idol of Lord Dwarakanath is also kept in Bet Dwaraka. The temple looks like a palace and has many Shrines for Lakshmi Narayana, Trivikrama, Jambavati Devi, Satyabhama Devi and Rukmini Devi.

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Visitors Comments

balasaheb patil
11 Dec 2012, 19:06
i really believe in the history of dwaraka the capital of bhagwan shri krushnaji. i must be happy if i will born in the time of shri krishanaji
ASHISH AGRAWAL
15 Jul 2012, 09:05
Nice and basic helpful information
macor armando
26 Jan 2012, 14:46
Namaskar......I am italian and i was in Dwarka in the end of 1997, end i spend there 15 superbeautiful days. I was located in one bhraman family (very sweet and lovely) near the sea little beat outside the town. A LOT OF GREATHINGS TO EVERYBODY IN DWARKA A LOT OF LOVE TO DWARKADISH HARE KRISHNA HARE RAMA KRISHNA KRISHNA RAMA RAMA OM NAMAHA SHIVAYA
Pilgrimage Places
07 Jun 2010, 14:52
Know more about char dham on yatra2yatra.
PRS Raghavan
17 May 2009, 21:36
A question was asked:

"When Dwaraka is known, only after Lord Krishna's entry into it,
how could Shravan take his blind parents to Dwaraka, known, then,
as one of char dhamas, for pilgrimage, even before the birth of Lord Ram,
when Lord Krishna's avatar was after Lord Ram's.

Can this be clrrified?

Regards

PRS Raghavan