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On the banks of river Kshipra, the city of Ujjain exists in Madhya Pradesh. It is also known as Indrapuri Amaravati, and Avantika. Because of the number of golden towers of several temples, this town is also known as “Swarna Sringa.”

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One of the seven cities of deliverance or salvation, Avantika Nagar has 7 Sagar Teerthas, 28 teerthas, 84 SiddhaLingas, 25-30 SivaLingas, Ashtabhairav, Ekadasa Rudrasthana, temples for hundreds of deities, Jalakund and monuments are there.

In that hole there are three Lingas shaped like the Thumbs. Hence Tryambakeshwara. Of these three Lingas, the Linga of Mahesha has a constant shower of water from an orifice above. It is a natural source of water coming down as Abhisheka for the Lord Trimbakeshwar. Temple is revered as one of the 12 Jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva and as the source of the river Godavari. Just as Ganga is known as Bhagirathi and is one of the most important river in North India, in the same way, Godavari is also known as Gautami Ganga and is the most sacred river in South India.

Video Of Ujjain

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Mahakaleshwar Temple !!!
The River Shipra

The Skanda Purana describes the glory of Ujjain (Mahakaala Vana) in great detail. Ujjain was the capital of Avanti and it was here that King Udayana married princess Vasavadatta. Ujjain played an important role during the period of the Mauryas and the Guptas.

King Vikramaditya Chandragupta of the Gupta period ruled with Ujjain as his capital, and the nine gems (Dhanvantari, Kshapanaka, Amarasimha, Sanku, Vetala Bhatta, Ghatakharpara, Varahamihira, Vararuchi and Kalidasa) adorned his court. The Mahakaleshwar Temple has also been referred to in the tamil hymns of the Nayanmar saints of the 1st millennium CE.Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Benares, Kanchipuram, Dwarka and Ujjain are considered to be the 7 Mukti Stalas of India. Ujjain is home to the Kumbha Mela, when Jupiter resides in the zodiac sign of Scorpio.Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Benares, Kanchipuram, Dwarka and Ujjain are considered to be the 7 Mukti Stalas of India. Ujjain is home to the Kumbha Mela, when Jupiter resides in the zodiac sign of Scorpio.


According to an episode narrated in Puranas, a five-year-old boy named Shrikar was enthralled seeing the devotion of King Chandrasena of Ujjain towards Lord Shiva. Shrikar took a stone and by considering it a linga started worshipping it regularly. Others thought that his worship as merely a game and tried to dissuade him in all ways. But all the efforts went in vain. On the contrary, devotion of Shrikar increased by every passing day. Pleased by the boy’s devotion Lord Shiva assumed Jyotirlinga form and resided in the Mahakal forest.

According to another popular legend related to Mahakal Temple, a demon by name, Dushana tormented the residents of Avanti. Shiva appeared from the ground and vanquished the demon. Then, upon the request of the inhabitants of Avanti, Shiva took up a permanent abode here as Mahakaleshwara Jyotirlinga.


About The Temple:

The idol of Mahakaleshwar is known to be dakshinamurti, facing the South. This is a unique feature, upheld by tantric tradition to be found only in Mahakaleshwar among the 12 jyotirlingas. The idol of Omkareshwar Shiva is consecrated in the sanctum above the Mahakal shrine. The images of Ganesh, Parvati and Karttikeya are installed in the west, north and east of the sanctum sanctorum. To the south is the image of Nandi. The idol of Nagchandreshwar on the third storey is open for darshan only on the day of Nagpanchami.
On the day of Mahashivaratri, a huge fair is held near the temple, and worship goes on through the night

The Mahakaleshwar temple at Ujjain is located near a lake; it has five levels, one of which is underground.The temple itself is located in a spacious courtyard surrounded by massive walls. The shikhara is adorned with sculptural finery. Brass lamps light the way to the underground sanctum. It is believed that prasada offered here to the deity can be re-offered unlike all other shrines.A very large-sized Kunda named Koti Tirtha also exists in the temple-complex. The Kunda is built in the sarvatobhadra style. The Kunda and its water both are treated as very celestial. On the path adjoining the stairs of the Kunda, may be seen many images representing the sculptural grandeur of the temple built during the Paramara period. In the east of the Kunda is a large-sized Veranda in which there is the entrance to the path leading to the garbhagrha. In the northern side of the verandah, in a cell, the images of Sri Rama and goddess Avantika are worshipped. In the southern side of the main shrine, there stand many small Saivite temples built during the shinde regime among these the temple of Vrddha Mahakalesvara, Anadi Kalpesvara and Saptarshi are prominent and are the remarkable pieces of architecture.

Some other temples of Ujjain, are given below...

Chintaman Ganesh

The Present sanetam of Chitaman Ganesh is very old. Riddhi and Siddhi the two goddeses are enshrined on both the sides the idol of Ganesh. Traditionally this is known as the seat of Chintaman Ganesh (assurer of freedom from worldly anxieties and people assemble here in large number offer their prayers on Wednesdays in the month of Chaitra. Artistic pillars in the assembly hall of the temple belong to the Paramar period. The temple was renovated by Ahalyadevi Holker with the addtion of a water tank and the boundary-wall.


Shaivite form worship has assgned importance to the aderation of bight Bhairavas also. Kala Bhairavas is the forenio among them. Skanda-purana has made a mention of the temple of Kala Bhairavas in it Avanti-khanda.

According to some antique tradition, the follower of Kapalika and Aghora seets used to worship Shiva or Bhairava. Ujjain was also connected with the pattern of worship developed by these seets. People offer even liquor, as a part of their worship, to Kala Bhairava.

It is said that a certain king named Bhadrass got this temple constructed. This must have been a great temple during Paramar period. Paramar period images of Shiva, Parvati,Vishnu and Ganesh have been recovered from this place. The temple has usually been rebuilt with the remains of the old temple.

Beautiful paintings of Malwa-style once decorated the temple walls. the temple to in right of the courtyard is dedicated to Vittal and to the left it is a Dharmashala.



Simhastha Parva and Kumbhamela

In a small booklet titled ‘Simhastha Mahatmya’, it is laid down, on the basis of some Puranic references, that as a result of churning of the ocean at the time of the great conflict between the gods and the demons (Devasura Samgrama), the gods made a rush to safeguard the jar of nectar being chased by the demons. While doing so, some drops of nectar fell at Haridwar, Prayag, Nasik and Ujjain. Therefore, the Kumbha Parva is celebrated at the interval of every twelve years at these places.
The specific features of Kumbha alias Simhastha in Ujjain is its association with Leo, thus being famous as the Simhastha Parva. On this occasion the following ten coincidences assemble together

  • The month of Baisakha,
  • The bright fortnight,
  • The full moon day (Purnima)
  • The sun in the arise (Mesha Rasi)
  • The Brihaspati (Jubitor) in Leo,
  • The Brihaspati (Jubitor) in Leo,
  • Vyatipata yoga
  • The pious Monday, and
  • The holy Ksetra Avantika

On the occasion of this pious Parva lakhs of pilgrims from India and abroad take bath here and exhibit their religious faith. The most peculiar feature is the procession of the seers and sages moving towards the Sipra for the holy dip. These religious leaders stay in Ujjain during the whole Simhastha period and take bath on specific bath-days with freat faith and enthusiasm with their sectorial banners (Nisanas).

During the Simhastha Parva every pilgrim after taking the bath visits the temple and humbly bows down before the Lord. The sight of the temple is very enchanting and rarely seen on that occasion. The law and order situations are well-planned and very alert then. The whole atmosphere echoes with the Jaya Jayakara (Victory to the Lord) Mahakalesvara.

Click Here to visit ujjain's official site to know more.
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Visitors Comments

01 Apr 2012, 14:45
shivaprasad shetty
15 Oct 2009, 22:51
please send me everything related to lord shiva
Dilip Kumar
10 Aug 2008, 21:15
The city of Ujjain is calm and inviting, The temple premises are enchanting..