ALBERT EINSTEIN - Man Of The millenium!!!

13 Mar 2009, Comments: | Views: 2660 | | Category: Science Legends

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If Issac Newton Influenced the physics in its formative stage, it is Einstein who has influenced in its youth stage and he is the one Who has a given an unprecepent dimension to the Study of physics.


Einstein realized the inadequacies of Newtonian mechanics and his special theory of relativity stemmed from an attempt to reconcile the laws of mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. He dealt with classical problems of statistical mechanics and problems in which they were merged with quantum theory: this led to an explanation of the Brownian movement of molecules. He investigated the thermal properties of light with a low radiation density and his observations laid the foundation of the photon theory of light.



Life in Brief



Albert Einstein was born at Ulm, in Württemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879. Six weeks later the family moved to Munich, where he later on began his schooling at the Luitpold Gymnasium. Later, they moved to Italy and Albert continued his education at Aarau, Switzerland and in 1896 he entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich to be trained as a teacher in physics and mathematics. In 1901, the year he gained his diploma, he acquired Swiss citizenship and, as he was unable to find a teaching post, he accepted a position as technical assistant in the Swiss Patent Office. In 1905 he obtained his doctor's degree.


During his stay at the Patent Office, and in his spare time, he produced much of his remarkable work and in 1908 he was appointed Privatdozent in Berne. In 1909 he became Professor Extraordinary at Zurich, in 1911 Professor of Theoretical Physics at Prague, returning to Zurich in the following year to fill a similar post. In 1914 he was appointed Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute and Professor in the University of Berlin. He became a German citizen in 1914 and remained in Berlin until 1933 when he renounced his citizenship for political reasons and emigrated to America to take the position of Professor of Theoretical Physics at Princeton. He became a United States citizen in 1940 and retired from his post in 1945.


 


His Works



  • Special Theory of Relativity (1905)



  • Relativity (English translations, 1920 and 1950)



  • General Theory of Relativity (1916)



  • Investigations on Theory of Brownian Movement (1926)



  • The Evolution of Physics (1938)


Among his non-scientific work



  • About Zionism (1930)



  • Why War? (1933)



  • My Philosophy (1934)



  • Out of My Later Years (1950)




You can click here to visit various archives of Albert Einstein like images of his hand written documents. 

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